Bad credit score? It’s just a number. It doesn’t define you. Don’t let your credit score prevent you from investing in real estate. Don’t wait until your credit score is better to start.
- Bad credit is common: 1 in 3 Americans have poor credit.
- Here are five ways to invest in real estate with poor credit: Hard Money Lenders, Private Money, Partners, Seller Financing, and Wholesaling.
Too often, we hear the common objection “I would love to buy an investment property, but my credit is so B-A-D.”
If this sounds familiar to you . . . take the first step: breath deep and know that you aren’t alone.
Close to 1 in 3 Americans have poor credit. So if you’re one of them, don’t worry. More importantly, you aren’t dead in your tracks when it comes to investing in real estate.
Anyone who’s ever bought a house knows the importance of credit scores. It’s almost impossible to get a traditional home loan if your credit score is bad—plain and simple. Most lenders won’t consider an applicant with a score below 620. Depending on the lender, you may need scores above 700, 720 or even 740 to be eligible for a mortgage.
But What About Real Estate Investors?
The good news is: there is much more flexibility when it comes to real estate investing. Is it easier to get a traditional loan when your credit score is off the charts? Absolutely. But even if your score is on the low side, you still have a host of other options for investing in real estate. Learn the fastest way out of bad debt.
So have no fear. To get you started, let's go through a few options below.
#1. Get a Hard Money Loan
Getting a loan from a hard money lender is a great option for real estate investors with less than stellar credit. Despite its name, “hard” money isn’t hard to come by. It’s everywhere. Hard money lenders are private individuals or groups who offer short-term loans that are backed by real estate. These lenders are only interested in investment deals—they aren’t funding someone who wants to buy a house to live in.
The best part is that hard money loans can give you funds very quickly—often, within days. That’s why so many real estate investors use this source. They’re quick, painless and easy to turn around.
Hard money lenders don’t consider credit scores as the “be all, end all.” They can determine who they lend to and what those loans look like. If your credit score is good, GREAT. But if not, your application is still more than welcome. The majority of the time, hard money lenders only care about one thing: if the deal is a good dealif the deal is a good deal. Their main concern is the value of the home. If the numbers work, they’ll more than likely fund the deal, whether you walk in with a 780 credit score or not.
A hard money lender will use the property as collateral. If you don’t pay them back, they take ownership of the property. That’s why they care about the numbers. If you bottom out, they’ll still make money.
So, if you have a solid deal on your hands with good profit potential, a hard money lender will likely fund it—even if your credit score is just . . . eh.
Of course, there are a few drawbacks. . .
A poor credit score won’t keep you from loan approval, but the interest rates are higher than traditional bank loans. Most interest rates range from 10% to 15%, depending on the lender. Hard money borrowers also have to pay “points,” which are a percentage of the loan. Points can range from 2% to 4% of the total loan amount. So, you’ll pay heftier fees in exchange for convenience, but that’s okay given the potential profit you’ll walk away with.
Another obstacle is that they may not cover the full cost of buying the property. These lenders usually lend 65%-75% of the current value of the property. Some will lend based on the value of the property after it’s been improved, also known as the "after repair value" (ARV). That leaves you to fund the difference or find another source of funding to bridge the gap.
How do you find hard money lenders?
Do a quick Google search for hard money lenders in your area and see what pops up. Also, go to local Real Estate Investors Association (REIA) meetings and network. Ask for recommendations from the members there.
#2. Look For Private Money Lenders
Another funding source to consider is private money lenders. Private money can come from anyone looking for a return on their investment. This can be anyone from a structured lender to a friend, relative, business partner or acquaintance.
Even if your credit score isn’t great, private money lenders can still lend to you, often with competitive terms. The quality and value of your deal are much more important to a private money lender than your credit score.
Private money lenders don’t abide by a certain set of rules. So repayment terms, interest, and everything else is up for negotiation.
And because it’s that person’s own cash, they decide whether or not they run your credit. If you can show your deal has value and that you can close quickly—and make a profit quickly—private money lenders can overlook dings on your credit report.
#3. Get a Partner
There are many people interested in real estate investing and would happily use their credit to fund deals, provided they don’t have to tackle the other heavy lifting (your work). So why not strike up a partnership with someone like that? Someone who has A+ credit? In exchange, you’ll be able to lock down more funding for your deals. It’s the ultimate win/win.
Your partner could be anyone—a friend, relative, colleague, neighbor or someone you met from a local networking event or Facebook group. Just remember, you want to partner with someone who has the skills and resources you lack, and vice versa.
In this case, you lack the credit, so partner with someone who has excellent credit and can secure the funding for your deals. And maybe you have something that they don’t have.
You might consider the best way to consolidate credit card debt and start rebuilding your credit history for long-term financial success.
So what can you bring to the table? Perhaps it's your time, your deal-making skills or another resource. You can work out a 50/50 partnership so once the deal closes, you split the profits.
#4. Make The Seller The Bank (Seller Financing)
Seller financing is a strategy best utilized for properties that are fully owned and paid off. If a seller doesn’t need “quick cash” from the sale of their home and cash flow isn’t the issue, then this strategy could be a great option.
When the seller finances a deal, they basically become the bank. In other words, you essentially have a mortgage with the seller. With these agreements, the seller allows you to make monthly payments until you pay off the property or the term of the loan ends.
What are the benefits of seller financing?
- Little or no qualifying
- Negotiable terms
- Credit not a factor
- Flexibility to meet needs
- Very low closing costs
Seller financing deals can be a win-win for everyone. The seller dictates the terms, and many won’t ask to see your credit score or dig into your finances too deeply. Meanwhile, the seller gets a monthly income stream.
For example, a retiree may love the idea of getting a set monthly payment for their home. Likewise, a landlord may want to unload a property without getting out of the market completely.
In both cases, a seller financing agreement could satisfy all sides, helping you build capital and credit along the way.
#5. Consider Wholesaling
Wholesaling is a common first step for new real estate investors. This approach doesn’t require you to fund anything, so your credit score often makes zero difference.
How does real estate wholesaling work?
- You find a seller who wants to sell their home. You then negotiate the price and terms with the seller and put together an agreement to buy the home.
- Instead of buying the home yourself, you find another buyer to take your place. This could be another investor who wants to fix up the home or a landlord who wants a rental.
- That buyer will assume all the terms you’ve outlined in your purchase agreement and they’ll close the deal.
- They take ownership of the home, the seller gets the amount you both agreed to, and you get an “assignment” fee for facilitating the deal.
Many real estate investors start wholesaling just to build capital. A good wholesale deal could drive $5,000, $10,000, $20,000 or even more. A few of those deals could help you rebuild your credit and generate serious capital in the process.
The Takeaway: You CAN Do This
One of the best things about real estate investing is that it’s open to everyone. You don’t have to have millions in the bank or a good credit score. You need passion, perseverance, and desire. If you can package that, there’s no ceiling to your success. Get creative, make connections and focus on finding the funding to close deals without good credit.
The WealthFit staff collectively writes on personal finance, investing, and entrepreneurship.